Valentine Day | History

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Every February 14, across the United States and in other places around the world, candy, flowers and gifts are exchanged between loved ones, all in the name of St. Valentine. But who is this mysterious saint, and where did these traditions come from? Find out about the history of this centuries-old holiday, from ancient Roman rituals to the customs of Victorian England.

The history of Valentine’s Day–and the story of its patron saint–is shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and that St. Valentine’s Day, as we know it today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition. But who was Saint Valentine, and how did he become associated with this ancient rite?
The Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. One legend contends that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, he outlawed marriage for young men. Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.
Other stories suggest that Valentine may have been killed for attempting to help Christians escape harsh Roman prisons, where they were often beaten and tortured. According to one legend, an imprisoned Valentine actually sent the first “valentine” greeting himself after he fell in love with a young girl–possibly his jailor’s daughter–who visited him during his confinement. Before his death, it is alleged that he wrote her a letter signed “From your Valentine,” an expression that is still in use today. Although the truth behind the Valentine legends is murky, the stories all emphasize his appeal as a sympathetic, heroic and–most importantly–romantic figure. By the Middle Ages, perhaps thanks to this reputation, Valentine would become one of the most popular saints in England and France.
While some believe that Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death or burial–which probably occurred around A.D. 270–others claim that the Christian church may have decided to place St. Valentine’s feast day in the middle of February in an effort to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia. Celebrated at the ides of February, or February 15, Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as to the Roman founders Romulus and Remus.
To begin the festival, members of the Luperci, an order of Roman priests, would gather at a sacred cave where the infants Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, were believed to have been cared for by a she-wolf or lupa. The priests would sacrifice a goat, for fertility, and a dog, for purification. They would then strip the goat’s hide into strips, dip them into the sacrificial blood and take to the streets, gently slapping both women and crop fields with the goat hide. Far from being fearful, Roman women welcomed the touch of the hides because it was believed to make them more fertile in the coming year. Later in the day, according to legend, all the young women in the city would place their names in a big urn. The city’s bachelors would each choose a name and become paired for the year with his chosen woman. These matches often ended in marriage.
Lupercalia survived the initial rise of Christianity and but was outlawed—as it was deemed “un-Christian”–at the end of the 5th century, when Pope Gelasius declared February 14 St. Valentine’s Day. It was not until much later, however, that the day became definitively associated with love. During the Middle Ages, it was commonly believed in France and England that February 14 was the beginning of birds’ mating season, which added to the idea that the middle of Valentine’s Day should be a day for romance.
Valentine greetings were popular as far back as the Middle Ages, though written Valentine’s didn’t begin to appear until after 1400. The oldest known valentine still in existence today was a poem written in 1415 by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt. (The greeting is now part of the manuscript collection of the British Library in London, England.) Several years later, it is believed that King Henry V hired a writer named John Lydgate to compose a valentine note to Catherine of Valois.
In addition to the United States, Valentine’s Day is celebrated in Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, France and Australia. In Great Britain, Valentine’s Day began to be popularly celebrated around the 17th century. By the middle of the 18th, it was common for friends and lovers of all social classes to exchange small tokens of affection or handwritten notes, and by 1900 printed cards began to replace written letters due to improvements in printing technology. Ready-made cards were an easy way for people to express their emotions in a time when direct expression of one’s feelings was discouraged. Cheaper postage rates also contributed to an increase in the popularity of sending Valentine’s Day greetings.
Americans probably began exchanging hand-made valentines in the early 1700s. In the 1840s, Esther A. Howland began selling the first mass-produced valentines in America. Howland, known as the “Mother of the Valentine,” made elaborate creations with real lace, ribbons and colorful pictures known as “scrap.” Today, according to the Greeting Card Association, an estimated 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are sent each year, making Valentine’s Day the second largest card-sending holiday of the year. (An estimated 2.6 billion cards are sent for Christmas.) Women purchase approximately 85 percent of all valentines.

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Ferozeh Valentine Day Collection 2016 Red Dresses

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Ferozeh launched its exciting, dynamic and influential Valentine Dresses Collection 2016. This valentine collection 2016 will defiantly stimulate young girls to buy collection clothing.
Ferozeh Valentine Day Collection 2016 Red Dresses (10)
Ferozeh is one that is famous and leading fashion brand in Pakistan. Ferozeh established itself you can get since 2010. Ferozeh offers casual wear for party wear dresses for the young and trendy girls. The brand has is beat at creating customer satisfaction, value, satisfaction and loyalty. This time the brand surprises the audience by introducing an amazing, electrifying valentine collection range for year 2016. Ferozeh launched recently Ferozeh Valentine dresses 2016. This lovely collection is composed of red and black dresses that are best for Valentine’s Day 2016. This collection is a perfect option for any Girls who’ll going to rejoice Valentine’s Day collectively. This collection would definitely faultless option for them. Ferozeh collection is well decorated with full dresses with embroidery, tussles, brooches and buttons position. Each dress of this collection is adorned with modernity and high goals.

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Valentine Day Gifts Salwar Suits and Dresses and Kurtis and Gowns


Valentine day is a very special and most awaited day for love one in all over the world. Mostly men’s are waiting for this beautiful day to buy gifts like valentine day Salwar Suits, Kurtis and Gowns for their lovers. Every age of people celebrate this lovely day with their lovers. This love making day comes on 14th February of every year and everybody is ready to enjoy this awesome day and most of the men’s are ready to gift theirs darling but some of confused that which gift they prefer to buy for their sweethearts. So we have here to clear your confusion because we have lots of different varieties of apparels gifts collection.
Latest Stylish Gowns Online Shopping for Valentine Day Gfts for love women and girls for India Us and Uk and Australia and Canada and Singapore and Malasiya at Pavitraa
Latest Stylish Gowns Online Shopping for Valentine Day Gfts for love women and girls for India Us and Uk and Australia and Canada and Singapore and Malasiya at Pavitraa
The trendy and latest collections of Kurtis, Salwar Suits and Gowns are here for your partner. The Valentine day salwar suits is very fascinating and perfect gift for your feminine lover, she would definitely like your choice as well as stylish salwar kameezes like Anarkali Salwar Suits, Patiala Salwar Suits, Party Wear Salwar Kameez, Designer Salwar Suits and many others. These salwar kameezes are fabricated by designer with embroidery work, jari work printed work and many more.
Valentine Day Special Beautiful Dresses Gifts for girls friend and women Latest Designer Party Wear Salwar suits and Dresses Online Shopping 2016 at Pavitraa Fashion
Valentine Day Special Beautiful Dresses Gifts for girls friend and women Latest Designer Party Wear Salwar suits and Dresses Online Shopping 2016 at Pavitraa Fashion
These types of adornments on apparels are most lovable and demanding in foreign countries like US, UK, Canada, Australia and many more. If the gift is for your girlfriend and you are a true lover then express your love in very different and impressive manner by buying these fashionable salwar suits, kurtis gowns and jewellery for your heartbeats.
Latest Fashion Trends Kurtis for Valentine Day Gifts for Low girls and Ladies buy online for Indan and canada and singapore and malasiya and uk and usa and australia
Latest Fashion Trends Kurtis for Valentine Day Gifts for Low girls and Ladies buy online for Indan and canada and singapore and malasiya and uk and usa and australia
Don’t get confused that what to buy for your partner, because we have all trendy and latest collections here only for you. So sit at the comfortable place and surfs the online women apparel stores and purchase some extraordinary gifts for your dear ones so it will not only brings a cute smile on her face but it also makes your relation strong and happy forever.
Valentine Day Jewellery Gifts For Gils and Women with Discount Offer Deal Prices New Year 2016 at Pavitraa Fashion.

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Valentine's Day Dresses

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Illusion Neck Lace Sheath Dress

Illusion Neck Lace Sheath Dress



  • Off the Shoulder La

    $160.00 $48.00
    Final Sale




  • Pintuck Ponte Dress

  • Striped Jacquard Dress 
  • Sleeveless Mikado Fit & Flare Midi Dress
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    Eye Makeup



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    4 ways to get rid of those layers of cosmetic | How to remove those layers of cosmetic




    Hamza Abbasi fears commitment
    The chemical filled make-up removers can be more damaging than wearing make-up sometimes, which is why it is not only important to know how to remove those layers of cosmetic correctly but with which products. Like in most cases, the natural and simple products take the win – the last thing you need after you come back from a wedding is to struggle with harsh products for hours!

    Olive oil
    Healing properties is not the only thing olive oil is famous for, it has a ton of softening agents too. If you are looking for natural ways to remove all those layers of make-up this is perfect for you.

    Milk
    It’s hard to believe that a little bit of milk on cotton balls can actually help us getting rid of our stubborn eyeliner or mascara but it's so true! Just pour some milk right onto a cotton ball and gently swipe over your eye make-up.

    Baby products
    Like a few other baby products, baby wipes are a great way to remove make-up naturally; they are typically so gentle that you don't have to worry about breaking out or irritating your skin at all. Baby lotion works just like milk while baby oil is a great alternative to regular oil. If you want a quick and less messy way to clean your face, this is definitely a great way to do it!

    Vaseline
    This is one to be careful about. It is typically only used for eye make-up. Vaseline is very thick and can clog your pores really easily, so when you are using it to remove your make-up, you want to make sure that you are washing your face with soap afterwards. But just in case you want to avoid this altogether, just swipe chapstick under your eyes a few times and rub in with a cotton ball.
    - See more at: http://magtheweekly.com/16%2D22jan2016/beauty_1.asp#sthash.CyPzfYrU.dpuf

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    Multi Colored Bridal Dresses

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    The trend of wearing multi-colored bridal dresses is getting popular these days and bold and bright hues are all the rage. Ensembles are accentuated with heavy embroidery, laces and designers are playing with a sweet fusion of colours in multitude of fabrics from net and banarsi to chiffon. This gives you an option to play with patterns and create an artistically themed outfit for your special occasion.

    This royal banarsi number exudes glam in abundance. Fuse a lehnga in muted hues embellished with laces and embroidery detailing with a long straight shirt. Pair it up with heavy kundan jewellery and steal the show.

    Turquoise spells pure charm and looks lively in colourful pairings. In this ensemble the vibrant shade is paired with red, magenta and gold with golden trimmings.

    A vintage beige kurta with purple panels can never be out of fashion. Team it up with scarlet red and green printed straight pants. Blend the two pieces with multi-coloured laces and a hint of gold.

    Another way to shine in sea-green is to make a flow-y net frock accentuated with a variety of colourful jamawaars on the hemline. Heavy bronze embroidery over the neckline makes it a head-turner.

    Designer: Ahmed Bilal
    Hair & make-up: Sab’s (Lahore)
    Coordination: Umer Mushtaq
    Photography: Azeem Sani
    Model: Syeda Imtia
    - See more at: http://magtheweekly.com/16%2D22jan2016/cover.asp#sthash.spLK9GlT.dpuf



    FASHION MAGAZINE FASHION MAGAZINE FASHION MAGAZINE FASHION MAGAZINE

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    Eye Makeup

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    PARTY PERFECT | Sunita Marshall

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    Capture the true essence of wintertide with these dramatic and sophisticated ensembles. A collection of dazzling greens and billowing shapes portray the very picture of elegance. Shorter hemlines with front slits, pleats and layers are the trending styles. Play with your colour palette by using the muted shades such as lilac, white and sea green for a dusky clouded look. Make a bold statement with a navy blue chiffon shirt by pairing it with embroidered straight pants. Exquisite additions like metal buttons or appliqué detailing on the hemlines will take your look to the next level.

    Hair & Make-up: Raana Khan
    Outfits: Nazo Couture
    Photography: Ayaz Anis
    Model: Sunita Marshall 

    FASHION MAGAZINE
    FASHION MAGAZINE
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    The Party Tonight

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    Where’s The Party Tonight?
    Looking for winter florals, ultra femme-accessories, and all-around romance? Follow these tips and tricks to look fashionable now!

    When it comes to chic style, look for inspiration everywhere – fashion shows, red carpets, nature, art and craft. But, no matter what the muse is, the key is to translate your motivation in a way that it is not only achievable, but it also keeps you at ease and makes a perfect party portrait. Toughen up some floral prints and remix your party wardrobe with highway essentials to give it just the right amount of punch.

    Dress: A colourful floral McQ Alexander
    McQueen dress
    Why: Imbued with a colourful floral print, this figure-hugging dress ushers the new season in style. The sleeveless number has a round neck with an asymmetric hem and a pleated overlay. A bomber biker jacket will keep chilly winds at bay and will tone down the all-over print play.

    Shoes: Wear it with either classic black pumps or leather biker boots for a grungy effect.
    Add-ons: Go for L'absolu Rouge in Rose Tango shade for a poppy pout. Dab on three coats of mascara and apply a sleek black outline over your eye rims.

    Accessories: Throw in some accessories to amp up the look. A raunchy skull box clutch will not only carry your essentials in style, but it’s a faboulous way to make a statement too. Keep the rest of the ensemble simple. Wear tribal-inspired earrings and a thin golden bracelet wristwatch so that the limelight remains on your clutch.
    - See more at: http://magtheweekly.com/05-11dec2015/trendalert_1.asp#sthash.z2hsjiQO.dpuf

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